Pilgrim’s Keyboard

December 20, 2014

Attributes of God – The Omni’s of God: Omniscience | Omnipotence | Omnipresence

Filed under: Providence BC — pilgrimskeyboard @ 8:03 pm
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The Omni’s of God – Omniscience, Omnipresence, Omnipotent

 

Jeremiah 32:17, 19 | Ah, LORD God! Behold, You have made the heavens and the earth by Your great power and outstretched arm. There is nothing too hard for You. …

 

You are great in counsel – Omniscience

You are ] mighty in work – Omnipotence

Your eyes are open to all the ways of the sons of men – Omnipresence

 

 Omniscience

 

Wayne Grudem

Definition

Is the doctrine that God fully knows himself and all things actual and possible in one simple and eternal act.[1]

A. W. Pink

God is omniscient. He knows everything: everything possible, everything actual; all events and all creatures, of the past, the present, and the future. He is perfectly acquainted with every detail in the life of every being in heaven, in earth, and in hell. … His knowledge is perfect. He never errs, never changes, never overlooks anything.[2]

 

James P. Boyce

All that we can say is that [God’s] knowledge is his essence or nature knowing. It is not something acquired, but something belonging to that nature itself and identical with it … it is something so inherent in his nature that it exists exclusively of any means of attaining or perceiving it, which we call action. … The knowledge of God, therefore, not being acquired, cannot be increased. Time does not add to it. Succession of events does not bring to before God. All objects of his knowledge are to eternally present and known. … He knows all the past, present, and future of all things, knowing the future with the same certainty and accuracy with which he knows the present and past; for that future is already as present to him as though actually existing with the creatures and time belonging to it, and is distinctly perceived as it shall be then.[3]  

 

Milburn Cockrell

Omniscience is that attribute whereby God knows Himself and all other things in one eternal and most simple act. It is God’s perfect and eternal knowledge of all things which are the objects of knowledge, whether they be actual or possible, past, present, or future.[4]

 

Don Fortner

God knows all things absolutely and at all times. God’s omniscience must not be confused with his foreknowledge. Omniscience is an attribute of God’s Being. Foreknowledge is an act of his grace.[5]

John Gill

The extent of the knowledge of God; it reaches to all things, and is therefore with great propriety called omniscience.[6]

T.P. Simmons

From all eternity God has possessed all knowledge and wisdom. … From eternity God has known all things that have come to pass and all things that shall come to pass.[7]

 

 

Proofs –

 

  • Job 37:14-16 | Listen to this, O Job … Do you know … those wondrous works of Him who is perfect in knowledge?

 

  • Psalm 139:1-6 |  O LORD, You have searched me and known me. You know my sitting down and my rising up; You understand my thought afar off. You comprehend my path and my lying down, and are acquainted with all my ways. For there is not a word on my tongue, but behold, O LORD, you know it altogether. You have hedged me behind and before, and laid Your hand upon me, such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I cannot attain it.

 

  • Isaiah 46:9-10 | Remember the former things of old, for I am God, and there is no other; I am God and there is none like Me. Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand and I will do all My pleasure.

 

  • Romans 11:33-36 | Oh, the depths of the riches both of wisdom and knowledge of God! How unsearchable are His judgments and His ways past finding out! For who has known the mind of the LORD? Or has become His counselor? Or who has first given to Him and it should be repaid to him? For of him and through Him and to Him are all things, to whom be glory forever. Amen.
  •  
  • 1 John 3:20 | … God is greater than our heart and knows all things.

 

 Omnipotence

 

Wayne Grudem

Definition

Is the doctrine that God is able to do all his holy will (from Latin omni, “all,” and potens, “powerful”).[8]

 

A. W. Pink

Power belongeth to God, and to Him alone. Not a creature in the entire universe has an atom of power save what God delegates. But God’s power is not acquired, nor does it depend upon any recognition by any other authority. It belongs to Him inherently.

God’s power is like Himself, self-existent, self-sustained. The mightiest of men cannot add so much as a shadow of increased power to the Omnipotent One. He sits on no buttressed throne or leans on no assisting arm. His court is not maintained by His courtiers, nor does it borrow its splendor from His creatures. He is Himself the great central source and Originator of all power (C. H. Spurgeon).[9]

 

James P. Boyce

Power in God … may be defined to be the effective energy inherent in his nature, by which he is able to do all things. The exercise of that power is dependent upon his will or purpose, and is limited not by what he can do, but by what he chooses to do.[10]

 

Milburn Cockrell

  1. H. Strong defines God’s omnipotence as “the power of God to do all things which are objects of power, whether with or without the use of means.” J. P. Boyce says it is “the effective energy inherent in His nature by which He is able to do all things.” L. Berkhof defines it as “the power to execute His will” and “the effective energy of His nature.” Lewis Chafer makes it “the infinite power of God” which “is employed in the realization of all that God wills.” Charles Hodge affirms it to be that “God can do whatever He wills.”… Omnipotence does not imply power to do that which is not an object of power or contradictory to God’s nature.[11]

Don Fortner

God is all-powerful, almighty. In the truest sense nothing is impossible with him. His will, his work, his purpose, is irresistible; because God is omnipotent.[12]

 

John Gill

The power of God reaches to all things, and therefore is, with propriety, called Omnipotence; all things are possible with God, and nothing impossible. … The omnipotence of God may be argued from his independency; all creatures depend on him, but he depends on none; there is no cause prior to him, nor any superior to him, or above him, that can control him; none, who, if his hand is stretched out, can turn it back, or stop it from proceeding to do what he will; none can stay his hand, or say unto him, what doest thou? He does what he pleases in heaven and earth.[13]

 

T. P. Simmons

God possesses all power.[14]

Proofs –

  • Genesis 17:1 | When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to Abram and said to him, I am Almighty God[15]; walk before Me and be blameless.

 

  • Psalm 139:13-14 | For you formed my inward parts; You have covered me in my mother’s womb. I will praise You, for I am wonderfully made; marvelous are Your works, and that every soul knows well.
    •  
  • Isaiah 45:6-7| That they may know from the rising of the sun to its setting that there is none besides Me. I am the LORD, and there is no other; I form the light and create darkness, I make peace and create calamity; I the LORD, do all these things.
    •  
  • Daniel 4:34b-35 | I blessed the Most High and praised and honored Him who lives forever: for His dominion is an everlasting dominion, and His kingdom is from generation to generation. All the inhabitants of the earth are reputed as nothing; He does according to His will in the army of heaven and among the inhabitants of the earth. No one can restrain His hand or say to Him, What have you done?  
    •  
  • Matthew 19:25b-26 | Who then can be saved? But Jesus looked at them and said to them, with men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible.

 

  • Revelation 19:6b | Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns!

 

 

III. Omnipresence

 

Wayne Grudem

Definition

Is the doctrine that God does not have size or spatial dimensions and is present at every point of space with his whole being, yet God acts differently in different places.[16]

 

James P. Boyce

His omnipotence. By this word we express the relation of God as present with creation. He is present everywhere. He is present at one and the same time everywhere. His presence is not merely contact, but energy and power. It is not merely through his knowledge of it, or the exertion of his power upon it, but he fills it with his essence. He fills it, not as part to part, but the whole infinite deity is entirely, undividedly present, at each point of creation, in each moment of tiem.[17]

 

Milburn Cockrell

By the omnipresence of God I simply mean that God is everywhere present at the same time.

A broader theological definition is that perfection of the Divine Being by which He transcends limitation of space and fills every part of the universe with His whole Being.[18]

Don Fortner

God is unlimited by space. He is everywhere present, in all the fullness of his being at all times. It means that he is immanent, that he fills all things with his Being and comprehends all things in his Being.[19]

John Gill

God is unlimited and unbounded, as to space, and so is omnipresent. … [He] is … unbounded with respect to space and place, then he must be everywhere; and this is to be proved by his power, which is everywhere … [and] … his providence [cf. Acts 17:24-27].[20]

T. P. Simmons

By the omnipresence of God is meant that God is present at the same moment throughout His creation.[21]

Proofs –

  • Jeremiah 23:23-24 | Am I a God near at hand, says the LORD, and not a God afar off? Can anyone hide himself in secret places, so I shall not see him? says the LORD; do I not fill heaven and earth? says the LORD.
  • Isaiah 66:1a | Thus says the LORD: Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool.
  • Proverbs 15:3 | The eyes of the LORD are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.
  • 1 Kings 8:27 | But will God indeed dwell on the earth? Behold, heaven and the heaven of heavens cannot contain You. How much less this temple which I have built!
    • Psalm 139:7-10 | Where can I go from thy Spirit? Or where can I flee from your presence? If I ascend into heaven, You are there; if I make my bed in hell behold You are there. If I take the wings of the morning, and dwell in the uttermost parts of the sea, even there Your hand shall lead me, and your right hand shall hold me.
  • Acts 17:28 |  For in Him we live and move and have our being … 

Closing Thot

The Omni’s of God Attributes –

Omniscience – All Knowing

Omnipotence – All Power

Omnipresence – All Present

Teach us that our God and Savior is All Sufficient as our Creator, Sovereign King, and

Providential Lord.

[1] Grudem, 1249.

[2] Pink, Attributes, 17.

[3] Boyce, 87-88.

[4] Cockrell, 5.

[5] Fortner, 62.

[6] Gill, 42.

[7] Simmons, 69.

[8] Grudem, 1249.

[9] Pink, Attributes, 47.

[10] Boyce, 83.

[11] Cockrell, 20.

[12] Fortner, 62.

[13] Gill, 38-39.

[14] Simmons, 69.

[15] “Almighty God” – Hebrew is El Shaddai.” The translation speaks of the “almighty power of God.” Some translate it “God is sufficient. – Cockrell, 20.

[16] Grudem, 1249.

[17] Boyce, 72.

[18] Cockrell, 28.

[19] Fortner, 62.

[20] Gill, 30, 38.

[21] Simmons, 68.

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